The short answer is yes, Imam Abu Hanifa did make a distinction between wine and beer with respect to legal categorization and some rulings, yet in any case, beer as consumed today is impermissible and sinful. Later, after many years, the Abū Ḥanīfah Mosque was built in the Adhamiyah neighbourhood of Baghdad. This ruling differs from the above since it is based on hadiths that are not decisive and unequivocal, although they are rigorously authentic (sahih), and since it is based also on legal analogy (qiyas). [3][6] He is also considered a renowned Islamic scholar and personality by Sunni Muslims. On the 15 Rajab 150[18] (August 15, 767[19]), Abū Ḥanīfah died in prison. pp.

Previous Post Hazrat Zainab bint Khuzaimah (R.A) Next Post Prophet Muhammad and His Love for the Ummah. Wensick,[50] as well as Zubair Ali Zai.

His other students include:[26], The sources from which Abu Hanifa derived Islamic law, in order of importance and preference, are: the Qur'an, the authentic narrations of the Muslim prophet Muhammad (known as hadith), consensus of the Muslim community (ijma), analogical reasoning (qiyas), juristic discretion (istihsan) and the customs of the local population enacting said law (urf). ‘Who was there before God, which direction is God facing right now, and what is God doing right now?’. Thus, Imam Abu Hanifa showed Imam Malik that the distribution of the companions was for the sake of … [46], Al-Khatib al-Baghdadi narrated in his Tarikh Baghdad (History of Baghdad) that Imam Abu Hanifa said: .mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, Two groups of the worst of people are from Khurasan: the Jahmiyyah (followers of Jahm ibn Safwan) and the Mushabbihah (antropomorphists), and he probably said (instead of Mushabbihah) "Muqatiliyyah" (followers of Muqatil ibn Sulayman). His father, Thabit bin Zuta, a trader from Kabul (modern-day Afghanistan), was 40 years old at the time of Abu Hanifa's birth. Frye, Cyril Glasse, "The New Encyclopedia of Islam", Published by Rowman & Littlefield, 2008. pg 23: "Abu Hanifah, a Persian, was one of the great jurists of Islam and one of the historic Sunni Mujtahids". [17] Even there, the jurist continued to teach those who were permitted to come to him. Muslim Media - Islam Lectures, Videos & Information S. H. Nasr (1975), "The religious sciences", in R.N. The tomb of Abū Ḥanīfah and the tomb of Abdul Qadir Gilani were destroyed by Shah Ismail of Safavi empire in 1508. (1952). Beer is therefore sinful to consume and a filthy substance. [28][29], Abū Ḥanīfah is regarded by some as one of the Tabi‘un, the generation after the Sahaba, who were the companions of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. [citation needed] According to John Esposito, 41% of all Muslims follow the Hanafi school.

Al-Mansur, who had his own ideas and reasons for offering the post, lost his temper and accused Abū Ḥanīfah of lying. Karaite Anthology: Excerpts from the Early Literature.

He studied at Kufa and gradually gained influence as an authority on legal questions, founding a moderate rationalist school of Islamic jurisprudence that was named after him. Many jurists and historians had reportedly lived in Kufa, including one of Abu Hanifa's main teachers, Hammad ibn Abi Sulayman. The author of al-Khairat al-Hisan collected information from books of biographies and cited the names of Muslims of the first generation from whom it is reported that the Abu Hanifa had transmitted hadith. Imām Yusuf ibn Abd al-Rahman al-Mizzi listed 97 hadith scholars who were his students. On the authority of the historian al-Khatib, it can be said that for full twenty days people went on performing funeral prayer for him. Question: Did Imam Abu Hanifa distinguish between wine and beer?

[7][8], He is often alluded to by the reverential epithets al-Imām al-Aʿẓam ("The Greatest Imam") and Sirāj al-aʾimma ("The Lamp of the Imams") in Sunni Islam. Please see this related answer for a detailed fatwa on the matter: Can We Use Deodorants and Perfumes That Contain Alcohol? He didn’t speak unless he had to, answering questions only if he knew the answers to them.

If not used in any such manner, it would be permissible and not filthy.

He was known to look at things in different perspectives, and for his rational outlook.

He avoided gossip and slander and only spoke well about people even if there wasn’t anything good to talk good about that particular person. [52], 8th-century Persian Sunni theologian and jurist and founder of the Hanafi school of thought, Nuʿmān ibn Thābit ibn Zūṭā ibn Marzubān with, Scholars of other Sunni Islamic schools of jurisprudence, أبو حنيفة نعمان بن ثابت بن زوطا بن مرزبان, Connection with the family of Muhammad and Shi'ism. Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah, I pray this finds you in the best of health and states. Ali and Abdullah, son of Masud formed much of the base of the school, as well as other personalities from the direct relatives (or Ahli-ll-Bayṫ) of Moḥammad from whom Abu Hanifa had studied such as Muhammad al-Baqir. [35], Outside of his scholarly achievements Abu Hanifa is popularly known amongst Sunni Muslims as a man of the highest personal qualities: a performer of good works, remarkable for his self-denial, humble spirit, devotion and pious awe of God. [24] Imām Badr al-Din al-Ayni included another 260 students who studied Hadith and Fiqh from Abu Hanifa. This is based on reports that he met at least four Sahaba including Anas ibn Malik,[10] with some even reporting that he transmitted Hadith from him and other companions of Muhammad. The Roman thought that this was fair.

What does this mean for Muslims? Consuming any amount is unlawful, even if without intoxication. He counted them as sixteen, including Anas ibn Malik, Jabir ibn Abd-Allah and Sahl ibn Sa'd. The contemporary use of beer, however, clearly does not meet the criteria for permissibility. [40], As with Malik ibn Anas (who was a teacher of Imam Ash-Shafi‘i,[41][42]:121 who in turn was a teacher of Sunni Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal), Imam Abu Hanifah was a student of the Shi'ite Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq, who was a descendant of the Islamic Nabi (Prophet) Muhammad.

Abu Hanifa at that time was only about 10-12 years old , but knew how to respond. [6] Abu Hanifa's theological school is claimed to be what would later develop into the Maturidi school of Sunni theology.[6]. In his reply to al-Mansur, Abū Ḥanīfah said that he was not fit for the post. Life Childhood. [30][31] Others take the view that Abū Ḥanīfah only saw around half a dozen companions, possibly at a young age, and did not directly narrate hadith from them. So Abu Hanifa asked, ‘Then what do you say about Allah who is the light of lights’. The ijtihad of Imam Abu Hanifa is a great mercy to the umma, especially today with respect to synthetic alcohols and the like which are widespread and prevalent in numerous products. The development of analogical reason and the scope and boundaries by which it may be used is recognized by the majority of Muslim jurists, but its establishment as a legal tool is the result of the Hanafi school. This is what is prohibited by decisive, unequivocal texts of the Qu’ran (see 5:90) and Noble Sunna, as the hadiths of its prohibition together comprise multiple-chain transmission (tawatur). Imam Abu Hanifah was born in Kufa, Iraq in the year 80A.H. 287. [39] Early Muslim jurist Hammad ibn Salamah once related a story about a highway robber who posed as an old man to hide his identity; he then remarked that were the robber still alive he would be a follower of Abu Hanifa. The short answer is yes, Imam Abu Hanifa did make a distinction between wine and beer with respect to legal categorization and some rulings, yet in any case, beer as consumed today is impermissible and sinful. Anas bin Malik, Muhammad's personal attendant, died in 93 AH and another companion, Abul Tufail Amir bin Wathilah, died in 100 AH, when Abū Ḥanīfah was 20 years old. Abu Hanifa moved onto the third question.

[20] The fellow prisoner and Jewish Karaite founder, Anan Ben David, is said to have received life-saving counsel from the subject. [13], It's being said that his family emigrated from Charikar north of Kabul to Baghdad in the eighth century. [36], His tomb, surmounted by a dome erected by admirers in 1066 is still a shrine for pilgrims.

The cause of his death is not clear, as some say that Abū Ḥanīfah issued a legal opinion for bearing arms against Al-Mansur, and the latter had him poisoned. [47][48][49], The attribution of Al-Fiqh Al-Akbar has been disputed by A.J.

[32], Abu Hanifa ranks as one of the greatest jurists of Islamic civilization and one of the major legal philosophers of the entire human community. for alcoholic consumption, even a little);

[14], His ancestry is generally accepted as being of Persian origin as suggested by the etymology of the names of his grandfather (Zuta) and great-grandfather (Mah). ‘You asked me what Allah is doing right now… right now he is making the one who is on falsehood come down from the pulpit and the one full of success to answer and prove you wrong’.


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